Blockchain is expected to cross a whopping 19 billion U.S. Dollars by 2024, says Statista. With such a lucrative market and the potential to revolutionize diverse business industry verticals, blockchain is a compelling industry for investment. One must be aware of the top blockchain programming languages for competitive advantage.
The technology stack rules a significant aspect of any development project. The right language, frameworks, and an ideal set of tools lead the project to success in no time. However, much like the early days of the internet, it’s still in infancy, and development occurs rapidly.
Do You Know the Top Development Languages?
The infographic below offers insights into the top blockchain development programming languages preferred worldwide:
Well, the list is long. However, not all of these listed languages are ideal for blockchain development. In other words, a perfect programming language for blockchain development ensures incredible speed, higher levels of security, and decentralization.
Based on these factors, the top blockchain programming languages include the following:
- Solidity – Leveraging Ethereum Virtual Machine
- Python – Enhance Productivity Effectively
- Go – Experience High Scalability
- Ruby – Facilitating DApps Development
- C++ – Robust & Powerful Code
- C# – Faster Project Development
- Vyper – Alternative to Solidity
- Rholang – Speeds up Blockchain Development
- Java – Faster Time-to-Market
Let’s explore them in detail.
1) Solidity – Leveraging Ethereum Virtual Machine
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Moreover, contracts written in Solidity have access to things like web3.js functions, Oraclize and Etherscan APIs. On top of that, there are some helpful libraries such as OpenZeppelin or ERC20 Token Standard Interface package and other testing frameworks for Ethereum development such as Truffle or TestRPC, etc.
Notable Features of Solidity Language:
- Code reusability
- Secondly, It has a high number of add-ons
- Inheritance properties
- Secured & reliable
- Multiple type-safe functions
- Most importantly, it supports complex member variables.
2) Python – Enhance Productivity Effectively
Python is a high-level, interpreted language with an extensive library of open source modules and one of the fastest implementation speeds. Moreover, it is versatile enough to support development for both web and mobile. Diverse industry verticals use it.
The infographic below offers insights into industries that prefer Python as a programming language:
Its use cases include everything from game development to server-side scripting. Moreover, it’s got a vast community surrounding it. So, if you’re stuck on a problem, the odds are good that someone else has already encountered and solved it.
Notable features of Python Language:
- English-like syntax
- Secondly, It Improves Productivity
- Interpreted Language
- Dynamically Typed
- Free and Open-Source
- Vast Libraries Support
Moreover, because of its broad compatibility with other programming languages, including Java and C++. Despite not being designed specifically for blockchain development at inception, it’s one of the topmost recommended resources today.
- It runs immediately within the client-side browser
- Secondly, It’s relatively simple to learn & implement.
- High popularity
- Most importantly, it develops rich interfaces.
4) Go – Experience High Scalability
Go is one of the most popular blockchain programming languages with minimal syntax. Google initially developed it but became an open-source project forked under multiple organizations. It has been used for different purposes but is currently a top choice for developers because of its simple nature. It makes it easy to pick up if you have never programmed before, especially learning Solidity and Ethereum development.
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Many first-time Ethereum developers choose Go as their first programming language because they believe it will make them more marketable. Employers want workers with coding skills and other technical experience that developers can apply to blockchain projects. On top of being user-friendly, Go is also fast and scalable, making it ideal for enterprise applications.
Notable features of Go Language:
- Faster execution
- Secondly, It has an active developer community
- Comprehensive tool
- Scalable Language
- Gentle learning curve
5) Ruby – Facilitating DApps Development
Ruby is a renowned scripting language created by Yukihiro Matsumoto, also known as Matz, in 1995. It got released in 2004 and is commonly used to create websites or applications using a database-driven approach. The initial version of Ruby came with only one data type – strings; however, many versions later, it supports arrays & hashes.
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Moreover, ruby facilitates Ethereum based projects effectively. Ethereum has an actively maintained developer tooling environment with many IDEs & third-party integrations available, too. Thus making building DApps easier than ever before.
Notable features of Ruby Language:
- Robust & powerful code
- Open-source language
- Free to copy, use, modify, & distribute
- Built on Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture
- Easy to manage changes
- High Performance
6) C++ – Robust & Powerful Code
Blockchains are secure by design, and C++ is a safe language. It is a popular language choice for development in diverse industry verticals, including aviation & aerospace, telecommunication, automation, etc. Thus, users trust C++ compilers to use low-level code for security-critical applications, such as operating systems and browsers.
The infographic below offers insights into the popularity of C++ among diverse enterprises:
With deterministic compilation and formal specifications of all language elements, developers can ensure that a program compiled with a particular version of GCC behaves as intended.
Notable features of C++ Language:
- Mid-level programming language
- Multi-paradigm programming language
- Memory Management
- Fast & Powerful
7) C# – Faster Project Development
Microsoft’s C# language is already popular among many enterprises. It gives C# developers all the tools they need to create applications on top of any distributed ledger system. With Visual Studio, Microsoft introduced a blockchain development toolkit.
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The combination of excellent developer support and enterprise-ready application design could make C# a superb fit for enterprise blockchains. While it is not as well-known as some other offerings on this list, it’s undoubtedly a serious contender for consideration when thinking about building your next app using blockchains. Moreover, some banks are already using C# to develop permissioned chains.
Notable features of C# Language:
- Faster development time.
- High scalability
- Object-oriented language
- Gentle learning curve
- Big community
8) Vyper – Alternative to Solidity
Vyper syntax has been inspired by Python and Smalltalk and like Solidity. The notable ones include static type checking, which means you get an error in your code right away rather than later when there is a compilation error. It also supports contracts, decentralized applications, and other benefits over Solidity.
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Also, it offers more consistent pointers compared to Solidity. One drawback is that it is not currently supported on all Ethereum nodes, although support for Vyper has already been implemented into Metropolis on the test net. It should come out soon enough, given time.
Notable features of Vyper Language:
- Creates secured contracts
- Easy auditing of contracts
- Simple syntax
- High security
- Secure code
9) Rholang – Speeds up Blockchain Development
Rholang has been considered suitable for developing smart contracts, especially private blockchains. It is because Rholang has first-class support for state variables and visibility predicates. For example, you could update a variable with a! Symbol.
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Besides, since every node stores state separately from every other node, each process in Rholang processes happens independently on each machine by default. In simple words, there is hardly any need to consider serialization of any kind if you don’t want to. It means anything that needs to be serialized can do so using its own internal data structures and message passing mechanisms.
Notable features of Rholang Language:
- Well secured
- High flexibility
- Easy to use.
- Most importantly, it speeds up in blockchain project
10) Java – Faster Time-to-Market
Due to its robust code and flexible development, diverse industry verticals prefer Java. It’s useful for large projects and works best when combined with other technologies. Thus, if you are trying a versatile tool that developers can use for different applications as your project grows and expands; Java could be an excellent choice. In fact, Java is the preferred language choice for development in the United States.
The infographic below offers insights into the popularity of Java in nations worldwide:
It’s useful for large projects and works best when combined with other technologies. Thus, if you are trying a versatile tool that developers can use for many different applications as your project grows and expands; Java could be an excellent choice.
Notable features of Java Language:
- Write once, run anywhere.
- Secondly, it offers high security
- Network-centric programming
- Dynamic programs
- Extensible programs
- High performance
- Faster time-to-market
In conclusion, after reviewing these different blockchain programming languages, we have made a top 10 list based on their current use, adoption, and future potential. Moreover, Python is the most renowned language because it is easy and ideal for beginners.
However, the best language for your blockchain project depends upon its type. Whether you are building a smart contract or another crypto coin will primarily affect the language choice.
Moreover, the best blockchain software development company in India can help you identify the most compatible blockchain programming languages based on the business needs and requirements.